In many houses the moth is a problem that causes serious damage to wooden furniture and clothing, mainly wool, fur or feathers, since the larvae feed on these materials, more if the clothes were kept dirty or not They move in a long time. Fortunately it is not difficult to end this plague.
The moth belongs to the same family of butterflies (lepidoptera). Although there are more than 150,000 known species, only 10% are daytime butterflies, the rest are nocturnal or moths. Fortunately, of the thousands of species of moths there are few that feed on wooden clothes and furniture. They also usually accumulate in books that are not cleaned periodically and accumulate dust and dirt.
This insect develops through metamorphosis and goes through the following phases: egg, larva, cocoon and adult, which is the insect we know as a moth. Contrary to what is thought only the larva is the one that damages tissues and wood.
Each adult moth is able to lay more than 100 eggs from which a larva comes out that develops over three months while feeding on natural tissues such as wool, skin, silk or wood. Then the cocoon is formed from which the adult insect we know comes out and is harmless to the garments.
To remove the moth, the first step is to find the main place where they are hidden, it can be under furniture that has not moved in a while, in the corners or behind the baseboards.
To do this you should frequently vacuum the possible place of the infestation, then remove and discard the vacuum bag.
The next step is to clean any tissue that has been infested. Brush them, leave them in the sun for a few hours, clean them, and keep them again. It is important that the closets, cabinets, drawers and closets where you store your clothes are tightly closed.
Seal all cloth accessories or toys in a plastic bag and put them in the freezer for a week. Use a chemical treatment, but only after cleaning the infested area.
You can also apply a pesticide in areas where moths are seen. Check the pesticide label to see if it will kill moths or fabric pests. Spray the pesticide in the corners, along the bottom of the doors and in any nearby cracks. Do not apply the pesticide directly to clothing or furniture.
Homemade solutions against the moth
Before storing your clothes, spray it with a solution of camphor (white) in half a glass of vodka or other vegetable alcohol.
Instead of using naphthalene, use cloth bags containing black peppercorns, lavender flowers, cloves and dried mint or sage leaves.
Rub some bay oil on furniture, doors and other wooden furniture to protect it.
Prepare a mixture of the following herbs: a quarter cup of leaves of rosemary, mint, thyme and ground cloves. Place in the closets where you keep the winter clothes, closet, closet or closet, where you think convenient but careful with the curiosity of children.
You can also place dried lavender flowers, just hang a bouquet inside the closet tied with an elastic so that when dried they remain tight. (Do the same with any flower you want to dry).
Preventive measures against the moth
To avoid moths in closets, it is important to know that larvae prefer items that have been kept unwashed or that have not been worn for a long period of time. Therefore, you should keep your clothes clean and free of stains.
It is recommended to store clothes in plastic bags or in airtight drawers.
As a precaution, it is advisable to ventilate clothing that has been in contact with these products well before using it and avoid inhaling the gases that these compounds give off, which must always be used following the manufacturer’s instructions.
Chemical antipolillas usually come in the form of balls to place between clothes or in small containers. They have a strong characteristic smell. Upon contact with the air they are slowly consumed becoming a gas that kills moths and their larvae. The most common components of these antipolillas are: naphthalene or naphthalene and camphor.